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Ni ibihe bibazo by'umutekano dukwiye kwitondera mugihe cyo gusudira?

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Ni ibihe bibazo by'umutekano dukwiye kwitondera mugihe cyo gusudira?Rimwe na rimwe, uku kwirengagiza kuzakurura impanuka, bityo rero tugomba kugerageza uko dushoboye kugirango ibyago bibeho mbere yumuti ~ Kubera aho bakorera biratandukanye cyane, kandi amashanyarazi, urumuri, ubushyuhe numuriro ufunguye bikorerwa mumirimo, hariho ingaruka zitandukanye. mu gikorwa cyo gusudira.
1, Biroroshye gutera impanuka zamashanyarazi.
Mubikorwa byo gusudira, kubera ko abasudira akenshi bakeneye guhindura electrode itwikiriye no guhindura imiyoboro yo gusudira, bakeneye guhura na electrode na plaque plaque mugihe cyo gukora, kandi amashanyarazi yo gusudira ni 220V / 380V.Iyo igikoresho cyo kurinda umutekano w'amashanyarazi gifite amakosa, ingingo zo gukingira abakozi ntizujuje ibisabwa, kandi uyikoresha akora mu buryo butemewe, birashobora guteza impanuka zamashanyarazi.Mugihe cyo gusudira mubikoresho byicyuma, imiyoboro cyangwa ahantu hatose, Ibyago byo guhitanwa n amashanyarazi ni byinshi.

2, Biroroshye guteza impanuka numuriro.
Kuberako amashanyarazi arc cyangwa flame ifunguye bizakorwa mugikorwa cyo gusudira, biroroshye gutera umuriro mugihe ukorera ahantu hamwe nibikoresho byaka.Cyane cyane ahantu hashobora gutwikwa kandi hashobora guturika (harimo ibyobo, imyobo, inkono, nibindi), birarushijeho kuba bibi mugihe cyo gusudira kuri kontineri, iminara, tank hamwe numuyoboro wabitse itangazamakuru ryaka kandi riturika.

3, Biroroshye gutera amaso ya electro-optique.
Kubera urumuri rukomeye rugaragara hamwe nimirasire nini itagaragara ya ultraviolet ikorwa mugihe cyo gusudira, igira ingaruka zikomeye kandi zangiza mumaso yabantu.Imirasire yigihe kirekire izatera ububabare bwamaso, gufotora, kurira, gutinya umuyaga, nibindi, kandi byoroshye gutera uburibwe bwa conjunctiva na cornea (bakunze kwita ophthalmia electro-optique).
Itara rya arc rikorerwa mu gusudira hamwe nimirasire yumucyo ririmo imirasire yimirasire, imirasire ultraviolet numucyo ugaragara, kandi bigira ingaruka kumirasire kumubiri wabantu.Ifite imikorere yimirasire yimirasire, iganisha byoroshye ubushyuhe mugihe cyo gusudira mubushyuhe bwo hejuru.Ifite ibikorwa bya Photochemiki yimirasire ya ultraviolet, byangiza uruhu rwabantu, kandi mugihe kimwe, kumara igihe kinini kuruhu rwerekanwe nabyo bizatera uruhu. Kumara igihe kinini kumurika kugaragara bizatera kubura amaso.

4, Biroroshye gutera kugwa kuva murwego rwo hejuru.
Nkuko imirimo yo kubaka isabwa, abasudira bagomba kuzamuka cyane kubikorwa byo gusudira.Niba ingamba zo kwirinda kugwa mu burebure zidatunganye, scafolding ntabwo isanzwe kandi ikoreshwa itemewe.Fata ingamba zo kwigunga kugirango wirinde ibintu gukubita mubikorwa;Abasudira ntibazi kurinda umutekano wawe, kandi ntibambara ingofero yumutekano cyangwa umukandara wumutekano mugihe uzamutse.Mu gihe ugenda utitonze, ingaruka zibintu bitunguranye nizindi mpamvu, birashobora guteza impanuka nyinshi.

5, Abasudira b'amashanyarazi bakunda guhura n'uburozi no guhumeka akenshi bakeneye kwinjira ahantu hafunze cyangwa hafunzwe nko kubika ibyuma, ibikoresho, imiyoboro, iminara n'ibigega byo kubitsa.Niba itangazamakuru ryangiza kandi ryangiza hamwe na gaze ya inert yabitswe, itwarwa cyangwa ikorwa, iyo imicungire yimirimo imaze kuba mibi, ingamba zo kubarinda ntizihari, bizatera byoroshye uburozi cyangwa hypoxia no guhumeka kwabakora.Ibintu bikunze kugaragara mugutunganya amavuta. , inganda zikora imiti nizindi nganda.


Igihe cyo kohereza: Nzeri-18-2021